At a population residents estimate of over 3.7 million, Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia is home. To more than 25% percent of Ethiopia’s population living in urban areas. The city is responsible for more than 29 percent of Ethiopia’s urban. GDP and 20 percent of the nation’s urban employment.
In the last twenty years, Addis Ababa has witnessed rapid socio-economic change and dramatic physical change. This made possible by a development-orient state as well as business sector. The city is however facing issues with housing, transportation facilities, and services. young unemployment, and displacement.
I’m a member of the African Cities Research Consortium. Which a brand new initiative for six years dedicate to tackling. The major challenges facing 13 cities in sub-Saharan African which includes Addis.
I suggest it in the manner the city run. The current system is dominate by elites who influence the city’s administration and physical change. The city’s planning process is top-down and does not include all of city’s inhabitants.
This is why development has centered on features such as shopping malls, skyscrapers and luxurious housing developments. They may be in line with the model of the government’s vision for modern African city. But they are not able to provide the necessary amenities or reflect the reality of 80 percent. Of the city’s residents are living in shabby housing.
It is time to rethink how urban residents, specifically the urban residents with lower incomes. Could influence their city and tackle the challenges they face each day.
Urban Challenges Residents
Addis Ababa was establish in the latter half of 1880s under the reign of King Menelik (1889-1913). It was a region that was previously home to ethnic Oromo Agro-pastoralists.
The constitution states that Addis Ababa governed by a council of city officials, who elect directly by residents of the city each five-year period. The council also elects the mayor among its members. This person is in charge of the executive section of the city’s government.
The federal government has the authority to dissolve the council and extend its term limit beyond five years, and to choose a deputy mayor, with all executive power. While residents can choose the city council, they aren’t able to have much influence. The urban planning process tends to be expert-led, for example the 10-year structural plan (2017-2027) that was adopt to direct the growth for the development of the town.
However, because of continuous changes in the city’s leadership and the enactment of modern urban models as well as corruption not uncommon to see developments that do not conform to the urban planning guidelines. These include projects of the government.
Federal And City Government Residents
The federal and city government have invested in infrastructure in the last 20 years. This has led to a reduction in the rate of unemployment, inequality, and poverty. However, because the city was founded on an undeveloped base, the reduction in poverty is not significant. Addis Ababa still faces complex and interconnected urban challenges.
70% to 80% of Addis Ababa’s housing stock is crowded in decay and deterioration, as well as lacking basic amenities and sanitation facilities. Even though the city’s administration has built over 270,000 dwelling units in the last five years, they’re expensive for the majority of the city’s poor residents.
Just 44% of people have access to clean drinking water while less than 30% of the population have access to sewerage facilities. Fire, landslides, and flooding dangers affect a lot of people due to informal construction of homes in risky zones and settlement patterns that are congested and poor construction quality.
Youth Unemployment Residents
The city is afflicted by the issue of youth unemployment. About a quarter of the Addis Ababa’s youth population (aged between 15 and 29) are in a jobless state. This is due to the lack of a connection between the jobs that the economy is creating and the rising amount of young people entering the labor market.
Addis Ababa is also under pressure due to the influx of immigrants. Over the past few years, Addis Ababa’s ratio of net new migrants (people who moved within the past 5 months) is 16.2 per 1000 people. The majority of recent migrants are suffering from poverty and low standard of living, particularly during their first few years living in cities.
In addition, the city’s determination to create an efficient modern city has made it a hostile place for the many informal sector entrepreneurs. While the official data tends to undervalue informal employment, some experts believe it could be up to 69% of the total jobs of Addis Ababa. However, small-scale informal enterprises must be registered and adhere to the tax regulations, which is difficult for these businesses. Street vendors are also subject to threats and harassment. In the end the city isn’t able to realize its full potential.
Make Sure The Politics Are In Order First
A variety of strategies have been suggest to deal with Addis Ababa’s city issues. However, few have considered the complex political landscape of Addis Ababa and how it affects the distribution of resources.